The exclusive ownership of the trademark is only granted for the products or services indicated in the application.
1. Submission: Upon submission, an application num- ber will be given and the submission date and time will be registered.
2. Error-handling procedures: In the event of formal mistakes, a 30-day period will be granted for co- rrecting the error. Failing to rectify errors means the application will be considered abandoned.
- If priority was not indicated in the trademark application submitted, a 90-day period will be granted to provide the information required. Failure to do so means the right of priority will be lost.
- It is prohibited to change the sign itself at this stage of the procedure. Any modification intro- duced will be considered as a new application.
- The number of products or services for which the application was submitted cannot be in- creased, even if they belong to the same class. However, limitations to the scope of protection could be introduced and therefore classes, pro- ducts or services can be eliminated.
3. Publication: if the application meets all the require- ments, an extract of the trademark application will be published in the Industrial Property Bulletin, after which third parties will have 30 days to submit op- positions.
4. Formal examination: Following publication, a formal examination of the application will take place. In the event of mistakes, these will have to be rectified within ten days.
5. Substantive examination: The DNPI will also perform a substantive examination to check if the submitted sign complies with the applicable law. If it does not, the DNPI is entitled to lodge an opposition ex officio at any time up until the final resolution. In the event of opposition ex officio from the DNPI or from third parties, a 30-natural-day period will be granted to the applicant to reply to oppositions.
6. Final decision: After the formal and substantive exa- mination and if there are no oppositions, the trade- mark registration will be granted and a trademark certificate will be issued. In the event of oppositions, the DNPI will take a final decision either granting to- tally or partially the registration or refusing it.