Opposition: administrative mechanism in which a third party opposes the grant of a patent or a trademark on the grounds of his/her prior right.
Agreements whose main objective is keeping secret and undisclosed some information between two parties, or includes confidentiality clauses in a employee contract. Penalty clauses are also included for cases of breach of confidentiality.
It is one of the basic requirements established in most of the Latin American countries for the registration of Patents, Utility Models and Industrial Designs. Novelty means that the invention, creation or design does not exist anywhere else in the world. There has not been a publication, disclosure, commercialization, use, presentation or prior Patent/Utility Model/Industrial Design application regarding the invention or design. The law prevents certain exceptions that do not affect the novelty, e.g. illegal or unauthorized disclosure of the invention within a year before the Patent application.